H&L Lawyer, Joyce Ling, Successful on the Supreme Court Procedure to Setting Aside Separation Agreements

BC Supreme Court Confirms Procedure to Initiate Proceeding to Set Aside Separation Agreements Engaging Both Property Disputes and Spousal Support

By: Alfonso Chen (Articled Student)

When relationships come to an end, and when the involved parties nonetheless decide to cooperate with one another to avoid heading to court to resolve their disputes, the parties can often agree on important terms in a written agreement called a “separation agreement”. Within this agreement, the parties can resolve the issues on child and spousal support payments and the division of family property and debts.

The Supreme Court of British Columbia (“BCSC”) recently issued a judgment confirming the proper procedure in initiating a case where one seeks to set aside a separation agreement. Accepting the in-court arguments of Henderson & Lee lawyer, Ms. Joyce Ling, the BCSC has confirmed that the proceeding for a case where one seeks to set aside a separation agreement, involving both property disputes and spousal support, can be commenced by filing a requisition and attaching a Separation Agreement pursuant to Rule 2-1 of the Supreme Court Family Rules, B.C. Reg. 169/2009 [ “Family Rules” ]; and thereafter filing a Notice of Application under Rules 10-5(1) and 10-5(2), instead of a notice of family claim. While not constituting legal advice, this article guides the reader with a simple discussion of the decision of Li v Zhu, 2018 BCSC 2182 (“Li”).

The respondent argued “that the primary issues between the parties are almost exclusively related to property and s. 93 of the [Family Law Act]… [and] that the claimant should not be permitted to “shoehorn” this family case into Rule 2-1 just because spousal support is also raised”: Li, at para 31. Though the court found that the respondent’s submissions were persuasive, the court ultimately dismissed the respondent’s objection to the form of proceeding. Notably, the court considered the earlier judgments of Halliday v Halliday, 2015 BCCA 82, and Kler v Kang, 2018 BCSC 1136, and stated that “there were property issues identified in both proceedings. I am unable to ignore the weight of the authority that binds this court”: Li, at para 39.

In addition, in response to the respondent’s submission that she would be “prejudiced by this manner of proceeding because there is no obligatory [judicial case conference], the respondent cannot demand particulars, the claimant need not provide a list of documents, and the claimant need not respond to notices to admit”: Li, at para 40, the court pointed out several court procedures available to the respondent. The court, agreeing with Ms. Ling, stated “that this manner of proceeding is consistent with the object of the Family Rules, as emphasized in Halliday: to assist the parties to resolve their legal issues in a family law case fairly and in a way that will secure the just, speedy and inexpensive determination of every family law case on its merits”: Li, at para 41.

The decision in Li clarifies the procedure to initiate proceedings to set aside separation agreements. While proceedings to set aside separation agreements are unfortunately almost bound to continue to arise in the future, having a greater clarity in what the procedure is to initiate such proceedings may shorten the process for those proceedings to meet the objects of the Family Rules. 

The legal process may be daunting to many. Should you feel the need to find legal representation or advice on family law matters or other legal matters, Ms. Joyce Ling is always looking forward to helping others navigate through the legal process.

加拿大联邦自雇移民全攻略


加拿大联邦自雇移民全攻略

联邦的自雇移民项目,是在加拿大移民申请的众多类别中,是大家了解得相对比较少的。虽然这个类别每年获得的配额一般不会超过一千人,但是对于艺术和体育界人士,并希望在加拿大投资自雇工作的朋友,会是非常贴合的项目,并具有以下优点:

  • 对英语和法语没有强制要求
  • 对投资没有最低限额的要求
  • 联邦移民项目,枫叶卡一步到位
  • 可以自由选择除魁北克省之外的任何地方工作居住
  • 目前的申请处理时间为24个月

既然是自雇项目,加拿大移民局会从申请人的专业背景和自雇能力两个方面进行审查。

专业背景

申请人必须满足在文化艺术活动或体育竞技方面的相关经历的要求,也即:

在过去5年内,至少

  • 有两年有参加过世界级大型文化活动和体育活动的经历,
  • 或是在这两个领域内两年以上自雇的经历,
  • 或是1年世界级活动或比赛,加上一年的相关领域自雇经历。

申请人的职业,除了传统的音乐老师,画家,插画家,电影制作人,自由撰稿人之外,还包括一些在幕后工作的专业人士,比如舞蹈编导,布景设计师,教练,以及专业培训师等等。

证明自雇的材料,可能包括但不限于:

  • 与客户签署的服务协议,收付款凭证等
  • 在线上或网上交易凭证等
  • 个人收入所得税
  • 个人自雇年收入证明,等等

          

满足这个专业背景的基本要求之后,还需要在下表的评分中获得35分以上的分数,满分为100分:


申请人必须证明他们在加拿大定居的意向、自雇的能力,以及能够为加拿大的文化和体育发展作出积极的贡献。其具体考核内容如下:
自雇能力

  • 可行的自雇商业计划书
  • 充足的可用资金证明

如果您对这个项目感兴趣,想了解项目的详情,请致电捍理律师事务所604-558-2258或778-941-8158,或发电子邮件至info@hendersonleelaw.com,与我们的律师或是移民顾问预约面谈。

快速通道和BC省提名再次发出邀请!

无独有偶,9月19日,联邦移民技术类快速通道项目和BC省提名项目在同一天发出邀。更值得关注的是,BC省提名项目投资类新发了18份邀请,与上次邀请时间相隔了将近两个月。下面我们就对新的邀请分数和人数做个介绍

BC省提名技术类

邀请的分数中,SI-技术工人类和SI – 毕业国际生类,以及EEBC – 快速通道毕业国际生类维持了8月份的最低分数,分别为82分,91分和91分。而EEBC – 快速通道技术工人类的邀请分数从87分降到上次的84分后,这次进一步降到了82分。

BC省提名投资类

截止到目前为止,2018年BC省提名投资类一共发出了7轮,共112份邀请,各轮的邀请日期,邀请的门槛分数,以及邀请人数,请参见下面两个图:

今年的投资类邀请门槛分数一直维持在很稳定的水平上,这对有意向在BC省投资移民的朋友是个利好的消息:可以更准确地预测自己是否能够达到门槛分数,做好商业计划。

联邦快速通道(Express Entry

最新的邀请分数是441分,邀请人数为3500。下表给出了今年快速通道每轮邀请的数据

如果您还没有确定好您的移民方案,或者想确定一下您的预估分数是否准确,以及如何提供自己的分数,欢迎联系捍理律师事务所本拿比办公室604-558-2258,或高贵林港办公室778-941-8158.

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