捍理法律讲堂 – 要个说法 – 移民法专题

本期话题:

移民局拒绝你的申请合理吗?

对联邦法院近期审理移民上诉申诉案件判决的分析

近年来移民遇到被取消身份或被限期处境的决定越来越多了。许多做中国移民服务的公司和个人, 显然感到移民局对华人申请审查的更严了,被拒的几率越来越高了, 而移民官给与的拒绝理由也越来越让人摸不着头脑了。

在朋友圈里常见的新闻就有:

如:移民局对多年前办理的上千个移民案做复审,并以“提供虚假信息”为由取消了许多原申请人的永居身份甚至公民身份;

如:移民局对上百配偶团聚申请做复审,复审中以配偶关系不真实为由拒绝团聚申请;

如:移民官在学生休假后返回入境时,以学习行为不真实为由,取消学签限期离境;

如:移民官在持有限制工签的人员休假后返回入境时,以非法从事其他工作为由,当场取消工签并限期离境;

如:移民官在永居居民持有效枫叶卡入境时,以出入境记录为根据判定该永居居民无法满足居住时间,当场取消永居身份,并限期离境;

如:移民局忽然变更医疗检查的条件,导致等了几年的家庭团聚申请人突然被拒。

移民官对这些申请拒绝的决定, 绝大多数在《移民法》赋予移民官“酌情处理”权限内。按照普通法的判例原则,法院在处理这类案件的上诉和申诉时,应尽量尊重移民官的“酌情权”,不介入移民官的决定。唯一的例外是:移民官根据“酌情权”做决定时,决定程序,认定事实或适用法律有错误或特别“不公平合理“。因此, 为了对客户负责,我们在决定代理上诉申诉案件前的主要工作,就是评估移民官决定是否有错误或是否特别”不公平合理“。

随着社会和移民法律的发展,法院判断移民官决定“公平合理“的原则并不是一成不变的。所以,对法院近期判例依据的原则进行分析是增加上诉申诉案件成功的必要条件。本期节目就是由嘉宾介绍近期有代表意义的重要案例,总结法院近期判决的主要原则,希望为到座和收看节目的朋友回答这些问题:接到这样的决定怎么办? 是否应该对这样的决定提起上诉或司法申诉?提起上诉或司法申诉有多少胜诉机会?如何能避免和减少这类决定发生?

本次讲堂嘉宾阵容:

主持人: 李黎(Cameron Lee)律师,捍理资深律师。自1993 年始在中国从事商业法律服务。2011年开始在BC省各级法院和行政院代理各类诉讼案件。

主讲嘉宾:

Daniel Henderson(韩丹尼)律师,捍理资深律师。 自1989年始在BC省各级法院和行政院代理各类诉讼,上诉和申诉案件。

郑洁,注册移民顾问, 在捍理律师指导下从事移民申请服务。

演播地点:

时间地点:2019年6月29日下午3点至5点;列治文市3号路聚焦演播室。

报名方式:电话(604)558-2258 或微信;

现场福利:可以在节目录制中或节目录制后向嘉宾提问,现场解答;

注意事项:现场录制时不能喧哗或不要接听手机。

本次法律讲堂现场位置十分有限,请务必提前预定参加。

H&L Lawyer, Joyce Ling, Successful on the Supreme Court Procedure to Setting Aside Separation Agreements

BC Supreme Court Confirms Procedure to Initiate Proceeding to Set Aside Separation Agreements Engaging Both Property Disputes and Spousal Support

By: Alfonso Chen (Articled Student)

When relationships come to an end, and when the involved parties nonetheless decide to cooperate with one another to avoid heading to court to resolve their disputes, the parties can often agree on important terms in a written agreement called a “separation agreement”. Within this agreement, the parties can resolve the issues on child and spousal support payments and the division of family property and debts.

The Supreme Court of British Columbia (“BCSC”) recently issued a judgment confirming the proper procedure in initiating a case where one seeks to set aside a separation agreement. Accepting the in-court arguments of Henderson & Lee lawyer, Ms. Joyce Ling, the BCSC has confirmed that the proceeding for a case where one seeks to set aside a separation agreement, involving both property disputes and spousal support, can be commenced by filing a requisition and attaching a Separation Agreement pursuant to Rule 2-1 of the Supreme Court Family Rules, B.C. Reg. 169/2009 [ “Family Rules” ]; and thereafter filing a Notice of Application under Rules 10-5(1) and 10-5(2), instead of a notice of family claim. While not constituting legal advice, this article guides the reader with a simple discussion of the decision of Li v Zhu, 2018 BCSC 2182 (“Li”).

The respondent argued “that the primary issues between the parties are almost exclusively related to property and s. 93 of the [Family Law Act]… [and] that the claimant should not be permitted to “shoehorn” this family case into Rule 2-1 just because spousal support is also raised”: Li, at para 31. Though the court found that the respondent’s submissions were persuasive, the court ultimately dismissed the respondent’s objection to the form of proceeding. Notably, the court considered the earlier judgments of Halliday v Halliday, 2015 BCCA 82, and Kler v Kang, 2018 BCSC 1136, and stated that “there were property issues identified in both proceedings. I am unable to ignore the weight of the authority that binds this court”: Li, at para 39.

In addition, in response to the respondent’s submission that she would be “prejudiced by this manner of proceeding because there is no obligatory [judicial case conference], the respondent cannot demand particulars, the claimant need not provide a list of documents, and the claimant need not respond to notices to admit”: Li, at para 40, the court pointed out several court procedures available to the respondent. The court, agreeing with Ms. Ling, stated “that this manner of proceeding is consistent with the object of the Family Rules, as emphasized in Halliday: to assist the parties to resolve their legal issues in a family law case fairly and in a way that will secure the just, speedy and inexpensive determination of every family law case on its merits”: Li, at para 41.

The decision in Li clarifies the procedure to initiate proceedings to set aside separation agreements. While proceedings to set aside separation agreements are unfortunately almost bound to continue to arise in the future, having a greater clarity in what the procedure is to initiate such proceedings may shorten the process for those proceedings to meet the objects of the Family Rules. 

The legal process may be daunting to many. Should you feel the need to find legal representation or advice on family law matters or other legal matters, Ms. Joyce Ling is always looking forward to helping others navigate through the legal process.